Glass: Variety and Uses

Workers installing a glass window There are different kinds of glass available in the market, and though they look similar, there is a huge difference between them. A homeowner would be familiar with the terms tempered and heat resistant glass. But what is the difference between the two?

How Is Glass Made?

Glass is created using several minerals like silica, soda ash, and limestone. These minerals are melted at very high temperatures (1700 degrees Celsius). While silica in the form of sand is the main ingredient, other minerals like anhydrous borax are added to give glass its different properties.

Glass is versatile. When we tweak its chemical and physical properties, it could meet different requirements for a myriad of uses. This is the reason why you can see at least two different kinds of glassware in your kitchen: tempered and standard glass.

What Is the Difference Between Tempered Glass and Standard Glass?

The process of cooling determines whether a glass would be tempered or standard. Tempered glass is forced to cool quickly while standard glass is cooled slowly. Due to its rapid cooling process, tempered glass is stronger than standard glass. It can withstand heat and pressure of up to four times the normal one making it a great kitchenware. In some cases, minerals like anhydrous borate are mixed with silicon to make it stronger.

Standard glass also breaks into large pieces when broken, while tempered glass shatters into small pieces posing less risk of injury. This is why it is mainly used in cars and in areas where safety is a must.

There are other types of glass available in the market. Knowing which type of glass to use for your home makes it safer and more convenient for you.