Colorectal cancer is a type of cancer that starts in either the colon or rectum. This serious disease occurs when some of the cells lining the colon or rectum grow abnormally out of control.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), colorectal cancer is the second most common type of cancer in the world, after lung cancer. Here are some bits of information you need to know about it.
National University Cancer Institute, Singapore (NCIS) also ranks this type of cancer as one of the most common in Singapore.
Specialists in colorectal cancer in Singapore stress out that there is still no clear reason why this disease develops in some people and not in others. Through research over the years, however, experts were able to identify several factors that increase a person’s risk for this condition.
Old age is one of the possible risk factors. It was also found out that people who have a diet that is high in animal protein, saturated fats and calories have greater odds of developing this cancer. The same is true with people who have low consumption of dietary fibre. Smokers, heavy alcohol drinkers, and obese people may also be more likely to develop colorectal cancer than those who aren’t.
Symptoms include diarrhoea, constipation, frequent trips to the toilet, and blood in faeces. Pains, bloating, and a feeling of fullness in the abdomen may also be signs of cancer. Some patients also experience vomiting, fatigue, and abnormal weight loss.
These things can also be symptoms of other conditions, so it’s best to have yourself diagnosed by a doctor. See your doctor if these symptoms continue for a month.
The good news is you may lower your risks to colorectal cancer by having a proper diet and exercise. Include foods that are low in fact, high in dietary fibre, and rich in antioxidants. It also helps to eat food with folic acid, calcium, and vitamin D. Regular exercise may come a long way in battling cancer, as it strengthens your body.
Most importantly, you should undergo screening and genetic testing as soon as possible. Dealing with cancer on its onset gives you higher chances to combat it.